Skip to content

IoT in Agriculture: Secure Smart Farming

The agricultural industry is rapidly embracing smart farming technology. According to McKinsey, 61% of North American farmers are currently using or planning to use at least one agtech solution in the next two years. Moreover, the global smart agriculture market is predicted to surge from 12.4 billion U.S. dollars in 2020 to 34.1 billion U.S. dollars by 2026.

In other words, the age of smart farming is here, and IoT is a major driving force behind this change. IoT in agriculture can optimize crop yields, reduce waste, improve animal health, and more. With this in mind, let’s explore what IoT in agriculture is, its various use cases, and, most importantly, how we can ensure the security of IoT devices and data in this critical industry.

What is IoT in Agriculture?

IoT in agriculture leverages internet-connected sensors, devices, and systems, allowing farmers to collect and analyze data to optimize their farming practices. It enables farmers to monitor and control various aspects of their operations, like soil moisture, temperature, humidity, and crop growth, in real-time through their smartphones or computers.

In short, IoT empowers farmers to trade traditional farming methods for more efficient, data-driven, and sustainable practices that benefit both their businesses and the environment.

Top Use Cases of IoT in Agriculture

IoT is transforming agriculture by providing farmers with innovative solutions to enhance productivity, efficiency, and sustainability with various use cases.

Remote Sensing and Predictive Analytics

One approach to smart farming involves using remote sensors. This involves strategically placing sensors throughout farms to gather data, which is then sent to dedicated tools for analysis. Real-time insights from the sensors allow farmers to make informed decisions and take quick action. For example, remote sensing can help prevent the spread of diseases and monitor the growth of crops while also providing information on weather patterns and soil quality.

With the help of artificial networks, this data can be used to predict crop production rates, allowing farmers to make informed decisions about production, storage, marketing, and risk management. For example, by accessing accurate soil data from a dashboard or mobile application, farmers can determine what to plant and when. With these tools at their disposal, farmers can optimize their farming practices and increase their yields.


Farmers can use drones equipped with sensors and cameras to image, map, and survey their farms. They can then draw insights on crop health, irrigation, spraying, planting, soil, field, plant counting, yield prediction, and much more from this drone data. Drones can either be scheduled for farm surveys (drone as a service) or bought and stored near farms, where they can be recharged and maintained.


Robots are revolutionizing the way farmers work, offering automation solutions for a wide range of farming activities, including weeding, machine navigation, harvesting, and material handling.

Weeding robots use digital image processing to detect similarities between crops and weeds, then efficiently weed or spray them directly with robotic arms. This reduces the need for manual labor, saving time and reducing costs while improving the accuracy of weed control.

Machine navigation simplifies labor-intensive tasks such as plowing and tilling, allowing farmers to monitor and control the movements of farming machines using their smartphones. This improves efficiency and reduces the physical strain on farmers, making their work less demanding.

Robots are also making harvesting more efficient and less labor-intensive. For instance, robots can harvest crops like strawberries and lettuce with delicate handling, improving crop quality while minimizing the risk of damage.

Material handling is another area where robots are transforming farming. They can transport crops and materials around the farm autonomously, reducing manual labor and increasing productivity.

The impact of robots in farming is significant and far-reaching. They offer sustainable solutions that increase efficiency, reduce costs, and improve crop quality, helping farmers to produce more with less.

Smart Greenhouses

Smart greenhouses are equipped with sensors, automation systems, and monitoring tools that allow for precise control of environmental factors such as temperature, humidity, light, and nutrient levels. This enables farmers to increase crop yields, reduce water usage, and minimize the use of pesticides and fertilizers. Smart greenhouses also provide real-time data on plant health, which helps farmers make informed decisions about crop management.

IoT Security Challenges in Agriculture

While IoT undoubtedly offers many benefits to the industry, it also poses significant security challenges.

One major challenge is the lack of standardization in IoT devices, which makes it difficult to implement uniform security protocols. Additionally, many IoT devices have limited computing resources, making it harder to implement robust security features. As a result, attackers can steal, tamper with or even hold data for ransom with relative ease.

Moreover, effective IoT-enabled farms often have many 10s or even 100s of IoT devices, and maintaining a high level of oversight can be challenging. Without proper IoT device monitoring, detecting and responding to security breaches promptly is virtually impossible.

One solution to these challenges is to implement a security-first approach from the design phase of IoT devices. This means incorporating security features such as encryption, authentication, and access control into the design of IoT devices. Additionally, device manufacturers must provide regular firmware updates to address any security vulnerabilities that may arise.

Another solution is to employ IoT device management tools that can monitor the devices’ behavior and detect any anomalies. These tools can also provide alerts and notifications to IT teams when a security threat is detected, allowing immediate action to be taken.

Final Thoughts

IoT devices have already transformed the agricultural industry, and will continue to do so as we move forward. However, the significant IoT security challenges cannot be ignored. Implementing a security-first approach, regular firmware updates, and effective IoT device monitoring systems are crucial to ensuring the security and integrity of IoT devices in agriculture. It’s time to take IoT device security seriously and prioritize IoT device monitoring to avoid potentially catastrophic consequences.

About Version 2
Version 2 is one of the most dynamic IT companies in Asia. The company develops and distributes IT products for Internet and IP-based networks, including communication systems, Internet software, security, network, and media products. Through an extensive network of channels, point of sales, resellers, and partnership companies, Version 2 offers quality products and services which are highly acclaimed in the market. Its customers cover a wide spectrum which include Global 1000 enterprises, regional listed companies, public utilities, Government, a vast number of successful SMEs, and consumers in various Asian cities.

About Portnox
Portnox provides simple-to-deploy, operate and maintain network access control, security and visibility solutions. Portnox software can be deployed on-premises, as a cloud-delivered service, or in hybrid mode. It is agentless and vendor-agnostic, allowing organizations to maximize their existing network and cybersecurity investments. Hundreds of enterprises around the world rely on Portnox for network visibility, cybersecurity policy enforcement and regulatory compliance. The company has been recognized for its innovations by Info Security Products Guide, Cyber Security Excellence Awards, IoT Innovator Awards, Computing Security Awards, Best of Interop ITX and Cyber Defense Magazine. Portnox has offices in the U.S., Europe and Asia. For information visit, and follow us on Twitter and LinkedIn.。



Click one of our contacts below to chat on WhatsApp